Power System Solutions | 250 Hogan Lane | Conway, AR 72034

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Merus STATCOM

Merus Static Synchronous Compensators (STATCOMs) are part of the Merus FACTS product family and built on modern IGBT power electronics technology. Merus STATCOMs are designed to provide real-time reactive power compensation and active harmonic filtering in demanding applications. Merus STATCOMs minimize voltage variations and mitigate flicker caused by heavy industrial loads, such as electric arc furnaces (EAFs), mine winders, harbor cranes, excavators, etc.

In wind and solar farms, Merus STATCOMs enable grid code compliance. Transmission and distribution utilities benefit from Merus STATCOMs in the form of improved transmission and distribution capacity. Merus Power provides STATCOM solutions up to 38.5kV levels. Power System Solutions can supply a complete turnkey solution.

Functions and customer benefits

Key functions

  • Dynamic reactive power compensation

  • Flicker mitigation

  • Effective reduction of voltage fluctuations

  • Active harmonic filtering

  • Load balancing

Customer benefits

  • Higher productivity by reducing melt-time in steel plants

  • Increased torque leading to higher payloads of large inductive loads

  • Easy compliance with grid-code criteria in wind and solar farms

  • Cost-effective solution to increase existing electrical network capacity

  • Reduced system losses

  • Quick return on investment

  • Reduced maintenance costs and longer lifetime of plant

  • Transmission and distribution network capacity enhancement

Applications

Heavy industrial loads, such as arc furnaces, welding equipment, rolling mills and heavy induction motors used in mining and harbor environments, etc., significantly impact the stability of electric grid operation by causing flicker, voltage unbalance and harmonic distortion. With its ultra-fast response time of less than one millisecond, Merus STATCOM provides excellent compensation of reactive power and harmonic distortion even for the most rapidly varying heavy loads. Thus plant productivity can be increased and harmful power quality challenges, including flicker and harmonic distortion, can be effectively eliminated.

Wind and solar farms have to conform to regulatory power quality requirements known as grid codes. Voltage variations and harmonic distortion caused by renewable generation in varying climatic conditions is easily compensated by connecting Merus STATCOM to the power plant.

Transmission and distribution grids face rapid changes in reactive power demand from constantly fluctuating loads. This leads to significant voltage variations and may even cause a complete voltage collapse under certain severe conditions. Merus STATCOM is an excellent and scalable solution for grid voltage stabilization by fast reactive power compensation in varying loading conditions.

Application areas include

  • Steel industry (electric arc furnaces (EAFs), rolling mills, etc.)

  • Mining (Mine winders, excavators, conveyors)

  • Shredders and crushers

  • Welding

  • Cement plants

  • Traction

  • Harbor cranes

  • Voltage and reactive power control in transmission and distribution utilities

Product features

Excellent flicker reduction performance

Thanks to modern high speed IGBT technology and real-time control strategy, Merus STATCOM provides excellent flicker reduction. For example in electric arc furnace applications, flicker can be reduced to 5.5. In addition to reactive power support, Merus STATCOMs also provide real-time active harmonic filtering for the mitigation of harmonic distortions caused by variable speed drives and for load balancing in unbalanced loading conditions.

Overloading capability

Merus STATCOM can be overloaded for short periods of time, say for a couple of seconds per minute. This ensures high performance in applications where instant short period reactive power compensation is needed. Overloading capacity is defined by the size of the energy storage and the thermal limits of the semiconductors.

Redundant and modular

Merus STATCOMs are extremely redundant and modular systems. They are designed to operate as stand-alone units, and power can be increased by parallel connection of the systems. Merus STATCOM can be built with modules of different rated power and voltage to optimize the system for specific customer requirements. Each module has its own cooling system and an independent controller that communicates with the HMI. In case a module suffers an internal failure, it will be disconnected, and the remaining modules continue to operate without interruption. Fixed capacitor banks can be used when inductive reactive power demand is less than capacitive.

Modern control and monitoring

The Control and Protection system of Merus STATCOM is equipped with an advanced user interface and a 19” easy-to-use touch screen panel. Proven control algorithms with closed and open loop strategies enable effective and fast flicker mitigation and reactive power and power factor control along with harmonic mitigation.

How Merus STATCOM works

Merus STATCOM can be understood as a controlled current source connected in parallel with the load to be compensated. It can produce both capacitive and inductive reactive power thanks to its ability to vary the phase angle and the magnitude of its output current dynamically. Merus STATCOM responds instantly to changes in the reactive power demand of the load it is set to compensate and thus ensures that reactive power supply from the power grid is kept at the minimum.

The main components of the Merus STATCOM system are DC link capacitors, high frequency semiconductor switches and a filtering circuit. The DC link capacitors are the source of reactive power. The multilevel IGBT bridge uses the energy stored in the DC link to produce any kind of current waveform at the STATCOM output with fast IGBT switching. The brain of the system is the Modular Controller Concept (MCC) that measures the network current, separates the reactive and harmonic components and controls the IGBTs according to the assigned compensation settings. Merus STATCOM can be connected either in open-loop or in closed-loop configuration.

Technical Specifications

Tailor-made STATCOM solutions example:
Merus STATCOM – 33KV, 144MVAR

Tailor-made STATCOM solutions example:
Merus STATCOM – 6kV, 8MVAr containerized solution